Traumatic injury to permanent central incisors is a common occurrence in childhood and adolescence. It is of paramount importance that expedient and appropriate care is provided to ensure an optimum short- and long-term outcome for injured teeth and, importantly, the patients themselves. Treatment planning should thus adopt a holistic approach, taking into account a number of patient- and dental-related factors. Multidisciplinary care, involving paediatric dentistry, orthodontics or oral and maxillofacial surgery may be indicated. Decisions should also be informed by a sound understanding of the exact nature and prognosis of the presenting dental injury.