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Article: Volume 44 Number 7 Page 596 - July/August 2017

  Dent Update 2017; 44: 596-620  Read article

Implant Dentistry:  Dental Implants: An Overview

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Abstract: Dental implants are widely used and are considered to be one of several treatment options that can be used to replace missing teeth. A number of implant-supported treatment options have been used successfully to replace a single tooth and multiple teeth, as well as a completely edentulous jaw. However, as the number of patients who have dental implants is increasing, dental personnel are more likely to see patients with implant-supported restorations or prostheses. Nevertheless, dental implants may fail as a result of mechanical complications, such as screw loosening or due to biological causes like peri-implant diseases. As a result, dental personnel should be able to recognize these complications and the factors that have negative effects on the success of such implant-supported restorations or prostheses. Therefore, a basic knowledge of dental implants is necessary for every dental student, hygienist and dentist.

Clinical relevance: Maintenance of implant-supported restorations and prostheses requires long-term follow-ups. It is the responsibility of the patient to maintain good oral hygiene and also of the dental personnel who look after the patient to ensure a durable restoration and prosthesis.

Author notes: Abdulhadi Warreth, BDentSc, MDentSc(TCD), PhD(TCD), MFD RCSI, Department of Restorative Dentistry, Ajman University, Al–Fujairah Campus, United Arab Emirates, Najia Ibieyou, BDentSc, MDentSc(TCD), PhD(TCD), Postgraduate student, Institute of Molecular Medicine, Trinity College, Dublin, Ronan Bernard O’Leary, Fifth Year Dental Science, Matteo Cremonese, Third Year Dental Science, Dublin Dental University Hospital, Trinity College, Dublin and Mohammed Abdulrahim, BDentSc MDentSc(TCD), PhD(TCD), Oral Medicine Department, Faculty of Dentistry, Benghazi University, Benghazi, Libya.

Objective: To assist in the recognition of complications in the maintenance of implant-supported restorations and prostheses.