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Article: Volume 48 Number 8 Page 653 - September 2021

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  Dental Update 492: 653-660

Applied Dental Materials/Endodontics:  Hydraulic cements for various intra-coronal applications. Part 1

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Abstract: Hydraulic cements are unique materials that set in the presence of water and do not deteriorate when wet and, as such, they lend themselves to be used in a range of endodontic procedures. Various products are available, and a classification is helpful to guide the clinician. Hydraulic cements may be used in three different locations namely: intra-coronally (pulp capping and barrier regenerative endodontics); intra-radicularly (root canal sealer and apical plug); and extra-radicularly (perforation repair and root-end filler). This article is the first of two parts and reviews the chemistry of these materials and their intra-coronal use.

Clinical relevance: Hydraulic cements are indicated for several procedures in clinical endodontics and their efficacy is supported by an increasing body of evidence.

Author notes: Stephen J Bonsor, BDS(Hons), MSc, FHEA, FDS RCPS(Glasg), MDTFEd, GDP, The Dental Practice, 21 Rubislaw Terrace, Aberdeen, UK; Senior Clinical Lecturer, Institute of Dentistry, University of Aberdeen; Online Tutor/Clinical Lecturer, University of Edinburgh, UK. Josette Camilleri, BChD, MPhil, PhD, FICD, FADM, FIMMM, FHEA, Reader in Applied Endodontic Materials, School of Dentistry, Institute of Clinical Sciences, College of Medical and Dental Sciences, University of Birmingham, UK email:

Objective: To inform the reader about the different types of hydraulic cement and their intra-coronal applications to ensure the best clinical outcome.

S4S Dental_June22