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Article: Volume 48 Number 6 Page 459 - June 2021

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  Dental Update 490: 459-462

Periodontics:  An update on halitosis: seven common questions

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Abstract: The aim of this review is to summarize answers to common questions related to halitosis including its prevalence, the different types, aetiology, assessment, diagnosis and management in general practice.

Clinical relevance: Halitosis is common, and dental professionals are often responsible for its diagnosis and management.

Author notes: Reena Wadia, BDS Hons (Lond) MJDF RCS (Eng) MClinDent (Perio) MPerio RCS (Edin) FHEA, Principal and Specialist Periodontist at RW Perio, London. Associate Specialist at King's College Hospital University NHS Trust, London. email:

Objective: The reader should understand the aetiology of the different types of halitosis to diagnosis and manage patients appropriately.