Article: Volume 48 Number 1 Page 30 - January 2021

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  Dent Update 2021; 48: 30-32

Oral medicine:  Diagnostic dilemma of periapical cemento-osseous dysplasia presenting as a multilocular mandibular radiolucency

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Abstract: Cemento-osseous dysplasia (COD) is a condition that, radiologically, can appear as a radiolucency, a radio-opacity, or a combination of the two. It is important for GDPs to recognize COD, as apical radiolucency can lead to unnecessary endodontic treatment. COD is a self-limiting condition and does not require treatment. Our case report is based on a 47-year-old male patient showing all the stages of COD.

Clinical relevance: It is important to recognize this self-limiting condition to avoid unnecessary treatment and it can be monitored radiographically without treatment.

Author notes: Fahad Khan, DMD, MFDS RCPS(Glasg), MSc Restorative Dentistry, Dental Core Trainee, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Brian Castling, FDSRCS, FRCS(OMFS), Consultant, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, The Princess Royal Hospital, Apley Castle, Apley, Telford, Shropshire, UK. email:

Objective: Reader should be able to recognize cemento-osseous dysplasia and to differentiate this from other periapical radiolucencies.