Article: Volume 45 Number 2 Page 120 - February 2018

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  Dent Update 2018; 45: 120-128

Medicine in Dentistry:  The Impact of Diabetes on Treatment in General Dental Practice

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Abstract: Diabetes is a chronic disease currently known to affect at least 5% of the UK’s population and is expected to continue to increase in prevalence. The disease has significant effects on the immune system and increases inflammatory responses. Diabetes affects various parts of everyday general dental practice including: the altered host-pathogen relationship on periodontal disease and its management; the dental pulp and, therefore, endodontics; and both wound and bony healing, thereby impacting surgical procedures. Educating diabetes patients about the effects of the disease and associated risks to their treatment is important in patient management.

Clinical relevance: Diabetes is a prevalent chronic disease in the UK and can adversely affect oral health and dental treatment outcome.

Author notes: Vinson Yeung, BDS, Dental Core Trainee, University Dental Hospital Cardiff/Cardiff and Vale University Health Board, Cardiff CF14 4XY and Joht Chandan, MBBS, BSc, DFPH, Academic Foundation Doctor, City Hospital, Dudley Road, Birmingham B18 7QH, UK.

Objective: To evaluate the effects of diabetes on the immune system, blood circulation and healing and the subsequent influences on dental treatment. Enhanced CPD DO C