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Article: Volume 43 Number 9 Page 859 - November 2016

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  Dent Update 2016; 43: 859-866

Oral medicine:  Vascular Lesions of the Head and Oral Cavity – Diagnosis and Management

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Abstract: Vascular anomalies constitute a diffuse group of conditions which can range in their significance from being completely harmless and of little clinical relevance to being potentially life threatening. It is important that dentists have a good understanding of these conditions so that the risk of potential complications of dental treatment in affected patients is reduced as much as possible. This article focuses on the pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment of these conditions, with explanation on their relevance to the practising dentist.

Clinical relevance: The paper describes several vascular anomalies that may be encountered in clinical practice with information that is relevant to their diagnosis and management.

Author notes: Gareth Elias, BSc, BDS, MFDS, Specialty Dentist in Oral Surgery, Oral Surgery Department, Birmingham Dental Hospital (dr.gareth.elias@gmail.com), Kevin McMillan, BDS, MBBS, MRCS, MFD, FRCS, Specialist Registrar, Oral & Maxillofacial Department, University Hospital Birmingham Foundation NHS Trust and Andrew Monaghan, BDS, MB, ChB, FDS RCS, FRCS, Consultant Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon, Facial Deformity and Vascular Anomalies, Paediatric Maxillofacial Surgery, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University Hospital Birmingham Foundation NHS Trust, Birmingham, UK.

Objective: To understand the range of vascular anomalies encountered in clinical practice as well as their specific features, diagnosis, management and implications for clinical practice.