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Article: Volume 42 Number 2 Page 144 - March 2015

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  Dent Update 2015; 42: 144-153

Restorative dentistry:  An Update on Crown Lengthening Part 1: Gingival Tissue Excess

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Abstract: This is the first article in a two-part series which aims to provide an overview of the different techniques used to increase clinical crown height. In the first paper, the focus will be on the management of patients who present with gingival tissue excess. The different aetiologies are discussed and illustrated with clinical cases, following which a range of procedures that may be employed in the management of these patients are presented. With an increasingly ageing population, more patients are taking regular medications prescribed from their general medical practitioner, and so having a working knowledge of the specific drugs that may cause gingival enlargement is essential.

Clinical relevance: When patients with gingival tissue excess present in primary or secondary care, a clinician must have a good knowledge of the possible causes of the condition, as well as an idea of how the patient may be managed.

Author notes: Harpoonam Jeet Kalsi, BDS(Hons), MSc(Cons), MJDF RCS(Eng), Specialist Registrar in Restorative Dentistry, Zahra Hussain, BDS, BSc, MSc(Cons), MFDS RCS(Eng), FDS(Rest Dent) RCS, Consultant in Restorative Dentistry, and Ulpee Darbar, BDS, MSc, FDS(Rest Dent) RCS(Eng), FHEA, Consultant in Restorative Dentistry, Eastman Dental Hospital, London, UK.

Objective: To understand the possible causes of gingival tissue excess and how to manage the condition.