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Article: Volume 41 Number 8 Page 708 - October 2014

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  Dent Update 2014; 41: 708-722

Dental materials:  Calcium Silicate Materials in Endodontics

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Abstract: lcium silicate materials have been recently introduced to dentistry and have found wide applications in endodontics because of their favourable biological properties. This review discusses materials that have become available commercially as well as those that are currently experimental. The compositional aspects of Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (MTA) are discussed with modifications and the development of newer materials. Based upon this information, a definition and classification for calcium silicate materials has been proposed. Calcium silicate materials have properties that make them suitable for use in endodontics. Research with hybrid materials may lead to the development of a cement with more desirable characteristics.

Clinical relevance: Dentists should be aware of the chemistry of the calcium silicate group of materials that includes Mineral Trioxide Aggregate and several newer materials.

Author notes: Arindam Dutta, BDS, MDS, MFDS RCPS(Glasg), Specialty Registrar (Restorative Dentistry), Edinburgh Dental Institute, Lauriston Building, Lauriston Place, Edinburgh EH3 9HA and William P Saunders, BDS DSc(hc), PhD, FDS RCS(Edin), FDS RCPS(Glasg), FDS RCS(Eng), MRD FHEA FHKCDS, Professor of Endodontology, Consultant in Restorative Dentistry, University of Dundee School of Dentistry, Park Place, Dundee DD1 4HN, UK.

Objective: To understand the development of calcium silicate materials.