• Outstanding Seal
  • Antimicrobial properties
  • Promotes per-apical healing
  • Easy obturations and follow-up

BioRoot™ RCS. Succeed.

For more information on this exciting new product go to 


Article: Volume 41 Number 6 Page 533 - July/August 2014

Prev    Article P533    Next  Read article

  Dent Update 2014; 41: 533-540

Behavioural Management:  In Vivo Exposure Therapy for the Treatment of an Adult Needle Phobic

CPD:  CPD  0:48   (closed)      Self assess

Feedback:  0 comments, 0 ratings


Abstract: Dental anxiety is a widespread problem. Behavioural interventions are effective in reducing dental anxiety and dentists are well placed to carry out these interventions. This article aims to familiarize dentists with simple behavioural techniques that can be used to treat patients presenting with dental anxiety. A case study detailing the assessment and treatment of an uncomplicated needle phobia using in vivo graded exposure is included in order to demonstrate the use of these techniques.

Clinical relevance: Familiarity with simple, behavioural interventions for dental anxiety will enable dentists to respond appropriately to patients who present with mild fear and anxiety. Early intervention may play a role in the reduction of phobic anxiety in the dental setting. Dentists with an interest in behavioural management may also wish to treat patients with uncomplicated dental phobia.

Author notes: Dee McDonnell-Boudra, MA(Hons), DClinPsychol, Clinical Psychologist/Honorary Clinical Teaching Fellow, Department of Special Care Dentistry, Amy Martin, BDS, MFDS RCPS(Glasg), MSCD RCS(Ed), DipConSed (Nwcl), Specialty Dentist in Special Care Dentistry and Dental Anxiety/Honorary Lecturer, Iyad Hussein, DDS, MDentSci(Leeds), StatExam(GDC), Specialist in Paediatric Dentistry/Clinical Lecturer, Dundee Dental Hospital and School, Park Place, Dundee, DD1 4HR, UK.

Objective: To explain behavioural interventions aimed at reducing dental anxiety.