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Article: Volume 41 Number 2 Page 144 - March 2014

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  Dent Update 2014; 41: 144-154

Primary Care Dentistry:  Diabetes Mellitus: Considerations for the Dental Practitioner

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Abstract: The prevalence of diabetes is increasing significantly and, therefore, dental practitioners are having to manage diabetic patients on a more regular basis. Alongside the systemic effects on the various tissues and organs of the body, diabetes can adversely affect oral health and all clinicians should be aware of the issues that may arise.

Clinical relevance: Dental practitioners are almost guaranteed to encounter both diagnosed and undiagnosed diabetic patients. It is therefore important that they are aware of the oral signs and symptoms of disease and the reciprocal relationship between oral health and glycaemic control, so that diabetic patients are managed accordingly.

Author notes: Kareem Mohamed, BDS, MFDS RCS(Ed), Senior House Officer in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University Hospitals Bristol, Julian Yates, BSc, BDS, PhD, MFDS RCPS, FDS RCPS(Oral Surg), Professor of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, University of Manchester and Anthony Roberts, BSc, BDS, FDS RCPS(Glasg), FDS(Rest Dent) RCPS, PhD, FHEA, Professor of Dental Education and Honorary Consultant in Restorative Dentistry, School of Dentistry, University of Manchester, UK.

Objective: To highlight the general oral signs and symptoms that practitioners should be aware of during their day-to-day management of diabetic patients, in an attempt to improve the care that dental practitioners provide.