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Article: Volume 40 Number 2 Page 92 - March 2013

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  Dent Update 2013; 40: 92-101

Paediatric dentistry:  Pacifiers: A Review of Risks vs Benefits

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Abstract: Pacifiers, otherwise known as dummies, have been around for many centuries. They have, however, taken many different forms, shapes and sizes. Their use is increasing and has remained controversial, with both potential risks and benefits identified in the medical and dental literature. The purpose of this article is to review some of the evidence available for and against the use of pacifiers and make recommendations for their application, maintenance and weaning.

Clinical relevance: Dental healthcare professionals need to consider the evidence available for and against pacifiers when making recommendations to patients and their parents.

Author notes: Arian Gederi, BSc(Hons), BDS, Senior House Officer, Department of Paediatric Dentistry, Birmingham Dental Hospital, Kristian Coomaraswamy, BDS, MFDS RCS(Eng), Lecturer and Honorary Specialist Registrar in Paediatric Dentistry, University of Birmingham and P John Turner, MSc, FDS RCS(Ed), DOrth, MOrth RCS(Eng), Consultant Orthodontist, Department of Orthodontics, Birmingham Dental Hospital, Birmingham, UK.

Objective: To review the available evidence in assessing whether pacifiers should or should not be recommended to patients.