Article: Volume 41 Number 6 Page 518 - July/August 2014

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  Dent Update 2014; 41: 518-524

Oral medicine:  Orofacial Viral Infections – An Update for Clinicians

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Abstract: Orofacial viral infections may be less common but appear in different clinical forms. Often these infections get initially treated by antibiotics which obviously will have limited or no effect. The authors review the current concepts of orofacial viral infections, causative agents, their classification and clinical manifestations and a basis for treatment.

Clinical relevance: Most viral infections do not require any specific treatment except in patients who are immunosuppressed or immunodeficient. Appropriate diagnosis and timely management of orofacial viral lesions are important irrespective of whether it is localized or a manifestation of a systemic infection.

Author notes: Raj G Nair, MSc, PhD, MRACDS(Oral Med), Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry and Oral Health, Centre for Medicine and Oral Health, Griffith Health Institute, Griffith University and Department of Haematology and Oncology, Gold Coast Hospital, Ali Salajegheh, MD, PhD, School of Medicine, Centre for Medicine and Oral Health, Griffith Health Institute, Griffith University, Anut Itthagarun, DDS, PhD, PDipDS(Paed Dent), Paediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry and Oral Health, Centre for Medicine and Oral Health, Griffith Health Institute, Griffith University, Sahar Pakneshan, MD, School of Medicine, Centre for Medicine and Oral Health, Griffith Health Institute, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia, Michael T Brennan, DDS, MHS, FDS RCS(Edin), Department of Oral Medicine, Carolinas Medical Center, Charlotte, NC, USA and Lakshman P Samaranayake, DSc(hc), DDS(Glas), FDS RCSE(Hon), FRCPath(UK), Chair Professor of Oral Microbiology and Dean, Faculty of Dentistry, the University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.

Objective: To update the knowledge on orofacial viral infections for oral healthcare professionals.

Belmont